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WeblogOz Archive1

Port Pirie - Things To Do
Carn Brae
The National Trust Museum
Port Pirie Golf Club
The Port Pirie Regional Art Gallery
Whyalla - Things To Do
Port Lowly Lighthouse
Cuttlefish Capital Tours
Whyalla Fauna and Reptile Park
Steelworks Tour
Hummock Hill Lookout
Whyalla Maritime Museum
Port Augusta - Things To Do
Wadlata Outback Centre
The Homestead Park Pioneer Museum
Port Augusta Visitor Information Centre
Pichi Richi Railway
The Australian Arid Lands Botanic Garden
Water Tower Lookout
Adelaide - Shopping
Rundle Mall
Boomerang Art - Aboriginal Art Gallery
The Opal Mine
Miss Gladys Sym Choon Emporium
The Myer Centre
Henry Buck's
David Jones
Adelaide Central Market
Adelaide Exchange Jewellers
Burnside Village Shopping Centre
Port Pirie - Dining Out
Port Pirie
Whyalla - Dining Out
Port Augusta - Dining Out
Port Augusta
Adelaide - Things To Do
Adelaide Tours
Koala Air Safari's
Whale Air
The Cedars
Platform 1 Heritage Farm Railway
Woodhouse Activity Centre
The National Motor Museum
Mt Lofty Summit
The SteamRanger Tourist Railway
Just Cruisin 4WD Tours
Cultural Tourism Professionals
Aussie Heritage Tours 4WD
Cudlee Creek Golf Course
Adelaide Sightseeing
Adelaide Dive Centre
Adelaide - Dining Out
Mount Isa - Things To Do
Tourist Information
Tent House
The John Middlen Museum
Kalkadoon Tribal Centre
Tours of Mount Isa
The Buffs Club
Riversleigh Fossils Museum and Tourist Centre
Lloyd of the Outback
Mackay - Things To Do
Forest Flying
Clarke Range
Mackay Town Hall
Lamberts Beach
Harbour Beach
Greenmount Homestead
Grasstree Beach
Eimeo Beach
Dolphin Heads
Golf Courses
Cathu State Forest
Bucasia Beach
Blacks Beach
Artspace Mackay
Ball Bay
Maryborough - Things To Do
Rosehill Homestead
Queens Park In Maryborough
Moon River Gallery
Mavis Bank
Grand Shirl's Doll and Toy Museum
Brennan And Geraghty's Store Museum
Maryborough Heritage City Markets
Barambah Ridge Winery
The Wharf Street Precinct
Bond Store Museum
Baddow House
Toowoomba - Things To Do
Toowoomba Middle Ridge Golf Club
Tenpin Bowling
Adrenalin Climbing Gym
Clifford Park Racecourse
Flypast Museum Of Australian Army Flying
Jondaryan Woolshed
Greenridge Botanicals
Toowoomba Japanese Garden
Toowoomba Regional Art Gallery
Highfields Orchid Park
Steele Rudd's Shingle Hut
Cobb & Co. Museum
Brisbane - Shopping
Brisbane - Things To Do
Queensland Museum South Bank
Hay Cottage Arts & Crafts
Boggo Road Gaol
Watugo Tours
Straddie Kingfisher Tours
Helicopters Brisbane
Champagne Breakfast flights
Roma Street Parkland
Queensland Maritime Museum
Queensland Art Gallery
Parliament House
Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary
Brisbane's Alma Park Zoo
The Brisbane Botanic Gardens - Mt Coot-tha
The Big Pineapple
Australia Zoo
Southbank Parklands
Mount Isa Dining Out
Mount Isa
Mackay - Dining Out
Maryborough - Dining Out
Toowoomba Dining Out
Brisbane - Dining Out
Brisbane City South - Dining Out
Brisbane City East - Dining Out
Brisbane City Centre - Dining Out
Cairns - Things To Do
Paradise Palms Golf Course
Mirage Country Club
Wet Tropics Safaris
Flecker Botanic Gardens
Hartley's Crocodile Adventures
Mt Whitfield Conservation Park
Lizard Island National Park
Green Island National Park
Fitzroy Island National Park
Cairns Beaches
Raft'n'Rainforest Company
Cairns Parasail & Jet skis
Foaming Fury
Cairns Dive Centre
The Cairns Fishing Guide
SS Louisa Calm Water Cruises
Rainbow Cruises
Australian Bluewater Charters
Tiger Moth Scenic Flights
The Minjin
AJ Hackett Bungy Experience
Raging Thunder
Hot Air Cairns
Champagne Balloon Flights
Cape York Motorcycle Adventures
Blazing Saddles
Sunlover Cruises
Passions of Paradise
Tusa Dive
Explorer Ventures
Billy Tea Bush Safaris
Paul's Parchuting
Cairns - Shopping
The Cairns Night Market
Evert Opals
Paragon Jewellery
Studio 8 Glass
Glass Temptations
Reef Gallery
Spirit Of The North Gallery
Bolands Centre
Cairns Central Shopping
The Pier Marketplace
Cairns - Dining Out
Port Macquarie - Things To Do
Sea Acres Rainforest Reserve
Port Macquarie Observatory
High Adventure
Coastal Skydivers
Port Macquarie Bays and Beaches
Port Macquarie Sea Kayak
Port Macquarie Kayak Adventures
Bellrowan Valley Horse Riding
Timbertown Heritage Theme Park
Mid North Coast Maritime Museum
Macquarie Nature Reserve Roto House
Port Macquarie Historical Courthouse
ARK Adrenalin Rush Karting
Billabong Koala And Aussie Wildlife Park
Odyssey Fishing Charters
Ocean Star
Cruise Adventures
Port Macquarie Camel Safaris
Dunbogan Boatshed & Marina
International Fighter Flight Centre
Centre of Gravity - Indoor Adventure Centre
Port Macquarie Golf
Port Macquarie - Dining Out
Port Macquarie
Albury - Things To Do
Albury Regional Art Gallery
Parklands (Albury Wodonga)
Monument Hill Lookout
Ettamogah Sanctuary Inc
Albury War Memorial
Albury Regional Museum
Albury Botanic Gardens
Albury - Dining Out
Katoomba - Things To Do
Balloon Aloft
The Edge Cinema
Leura Cascades
Scenic World Blue Mountains
Norman Lindsay Gallery and Museum
The Purse Museum
Blue Mountains National Park
Katoomba - Shopping
Western Shoe Store
The Original Soap Shop
Scenic World Souvenir Shop
Silvery Moon
Katoomba Camera House
Katoomba Florist
Finest Florist
Katoomba - Dining Out
Wollongong - Things To Do
Greater Union Cinemas
Wollongong - Beaches and Rock Pools
Russell Vale Golf Course
Wollongong Botanic Garden
Wollongong Golf Club
United Divers
Science Centre and Planetarium
Leisure Coast Scootcar Hire
Hangdog Climbing Gym
Adrenalin Sports Skydiving
Illawarra Performing Arts Centre
Wollongong City Gallery
Wollongong - Shopping
Surf, Dive & Ski
Supporters World
Wollongong City Centre & Crown St Mall
Wollongong Central
Wollongong - Jewellers
Danoz Directions
Classic Moments
Granny Mays
M & Michael's Footwear
Athletes Foot
Just Jeans
Jeans West
Rebel Sport
Grace Bros
Best and Less
Lotus Bookshop
Phantom Zone
Angus & Robertson
Wollongong - Pubs and Nightclubs
Wollongong - Dining Out
Newcastle - Things To Do
Outback Art
Newcastle Golf Club
Go Karts Go
Kooragang Wetland
Cooks Hill Galleries
Newcastle Regional Museum
Newcastle - Beaches
Merewether Ocean Baths
Newcastle Ocean Baths
Christ Church Anglican Cathedral
Region Art Gallery
Captain Cook Memorial Fountain
Queens Wharf Tower
Macquarie Pier / Nobbys Headland
Fort Scratchley Millitary Museum
Bogey Hole
Yuelarbah Track
Newcastle Region Maritime Museum
Newcastle - Dining Out
Sydney - Things To Do
Sydney - Beaches
Sydney Tower At Centrepoint
Matilda Cruises
Captain Cook Cruises
Chinese Garden
Taronga Zoo
Sydney Aquarium
Featherdale Wildlife Park
Scenic World
Penrith Whitewater Stadium
Oz Trek Adventure Tours
Oceanworld Manly
Harbour Jet
Fox Studios Australia
IMAX Cinema
Sydney - More Museums
Liverpool Regional Museum
Sydney Jewish Museum
Sydney - Shopping
Sydney - Book Shops
Aboriginal Art Galleries
Sydney Markets
Northbridge Shopping Plaza
The Strand Arcade
The Broadway Shopping Centre
Skygarden Centre
Queen Victoria Building (QVB)
Opera Quays
Harbourside Shopping Centre
Direct Factory Outlets
Sydney - Jewellers
Michael Berton Jewellery
A & H Australian Opal House
Oroginale Jewellery
J K Creations
Sherman Opals
Raphael Jewellers
Taylors Shoes
Begi Shoes
Andiamo Design
Market City
Tradition Country Clothing
Sue Rice Swimwear
Sydney - Shopping Tours
Chifley Plaza
St Ives Shopping Village
That Art of Wine & Food
Sydney - Dining Out
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney West
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney South
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney Northside
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney Northern Beaches
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney Inner West
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney East
Burnie - Shopping
Markets in and around Burnie
Kleins Jewellery
Best and Less
Showcase Jewellers
Kodak Express in K-Mart
Angus & Robertson
Devonport - Shopping
Best and Less
Showcase Jewellers
Kodak Express in K-Mart
Angus & Robertson
Burnie - Dining Out
Devonport - Dining Out
Launceston - Things To Do
Seahorse World
Franklin House
Cable Hang Glider
Under Down Under Tours
Nocturnal Tours
Island Escape Tours
Grubb Shaft Gold & Heritage Museum
Launceston Lakes Trout Fishing
Narawntapu National Park
Launceston Planetarium
J Boag and Son Brewery
The Penny Royal World & Gunpowder Mill
Waverley Woollen Mills
The Queen Victoria Museum & Art Gallery
The Old Umbrella Shop
Aquarius Roman Baths
Tasmanian Expeditions

WeblogOz Archive2

Launceston - Dining Out
Hobart - Things To Do
Despard Gallery
Tasmanian Wild River Adventures
Devil's Playground Ecotours
4X4 tours
Par Avion Wilderness Tours
Tasmanian Seaplanes
The Bligh Museum
Port Arthur
Aqua Scuba
Tasmania Trout & Fly Fishing Centre
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery
Antarctic Adventure
Bonorong Park Wildlife Centre
Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens
Fudge Factory and Historic Garden Tours
The Cascade Brewery Tours
Cadbury Chocolate Factory Tour
Hobart - Shopping
Treasures Of Tasmania
The Tasmania Shop
The Tasmanian Wine Centre
Aeroplane Records
Penny's Flowers
Masterpiece Fine Art Gallery
Book Shops
Salamanca Market
Hobart - Film, Theatre and Concert Halls
Hobart - Bars, clubs and live music
Hobart - Dining Out
Bendigo - Shopping
Bendigo Pottery Tourist Complex
Big W
Shoe Shops
Bendigo Books
The Bendigo Gold Shop
Bendigo Markets
Lansell Plaza Shopping Centre
Bendigo Marketplace
Bendigo - Things To Do
Goldrush Ballooning Pty. Ltd.
Airsports Skydiving Academy
Bendigo Goldfields Experiences
Life Adventure Park
Ironbark Riding Centre
Chinese Joss House
Gold Mining Tour
Shamrock Hotel Tour
Discovery Science and Technology Centre
Bendigo Double Deck Bus Tours
Sacred Heart Cathedral
The Golden Dragon Museum
Bendigo Tramways
Bendigo - Bars and Nightlife
Bendigo - Dining Out
Ballarat - Things To Do
Swimming Pools
4 Majors Indoor Mini Golf
Midlands Golf Club
Yuulong Lavender Estate
The Tangled Maze
Sovereign Hill
Kryal Castle
Gold Museum
Eureka Centre
Community Adventure Playground
Blood on the Southern Cross
Ballarat Vintage Tramway and Museum
The Ballarat Rail Promotion Group
Ballarat Wildlife Park
Ballarat Fine Art Gallery
Adam Lindsay Gordon Cottage
Ballarat - Shopping
Mt Lonarch Gallery and Lonarch Arts
Shopping Centres
The Embroidery Shoppe
Sovereign Needlework
The Mining Exchange Gold Shop
Woolshed Clothing
Makers on Mair
Gails Patchwork Emporium
Book Shops
Springmount Pottery and Gallery
Ruth Howlett Collectables
Country Mouse
Antique Effects
Ballarat - Dining Out
Geelong - Things To Do
Sea All Charters -seals & dolphins
Shearer's Arms Gallery
Fairy Park
Tiger Moth World Adventure Park
Bellarine Adventure Golf
A Maze N Things
Adventure Park
Koombahla Park Horse Riding
Ocean Grove Nature Reserve
Jirrahlinga Koala & Wildlife Sanctuary
Gabbinbar Animal & Wildlife Park
Serendip Sanctuary
Barwon Park
Barwon Grange
Queenscliff Historical Centre
Barunah Plains
The Heights
Geelong Botanical Gardens
Geelong Naval & Maritime Museum
Geelong Historical Records Centre
The National Wool Museum
Surfworld Australia
Portarlington Mill
Queenscliff Maritime Museum
Narana Creations
Geelong Art Gallery
Old Geelong Gaol
The Ford Discovery Centre
Geelong - Shopping
Suburban Scene
Retail Heart
Bay City Plaza
Planet X
Auburn Antiques
Geelong - Bars
Geelong - Dining Out
Dandenong - Things To Do
Noble Park Swim Centre
Alex Wilkie Nature Reserve
Greaves Reserve
Coomoora Reserve
Burden Park
Dandenong Park
Dandenong - Dining Out
Dandenong - Shopping
Dandenong Plaza
Dandenong Market
Melbourne - Things To Do
Melbourne - Bars and Clubs
Port Campbell National Park
Top Down Tours
Royal Melbourne Golf Club
Yara Bend Public Golf Course
Melbourne by Balloon
Polperro Dolphin Swims
Gunnamatta Equestrian Centre
Ace Hi Ranch & Wildlife
Melbourne City Sights Tour
Melbourne Town Hall
Victoria's Open Range Zoo
Healesville Sanctuary
Melbourne Zoo - Royal Park
Melbourne Planetarium
Luna Park
Phillip Island - Penguins
Polly Woodside Melbourne Maritime Museum
Old Melbourne Gaol
Melbourne Observation Deck - Rialto Towers
Melbourne Docklands
Melbourne Aquarium
Flinders Street Railway Station & Mu
Enterprize Landing Memorial
Crown Casino Complex
Fitzroy Gardens
Melbourne - Shopping
Flemington Up Market
The Sunday Market
Collette Dinnigan
Rochi's Opals
Johnston Opals
Melbourne Central
Shopping Spree Tours
Melbourne Internet Cafe's
Queen Victoria Market
Original & Authentic Aboriginal Art
Caroline Smith Portfolio
Body Map Australia
Aboriginal Art
Melbourne - Dining Out
Kalgoorlie - Things To Do
Kalgoorlie Goldfields Visitor Centre
Kalgoorlie - More Things To Do
Goldfields Air Services
Western Australian Museum
Yamatji Bija - Come Friends! Aboriginal Bush Tours
Geoff Smith's Bush Tours
Goldfields Ten Pin Pool & Snooker Centre
Goldfields Arts Centre
Airfields Horse Riding Centre
Kalgoorlie - Dining Out
Port Hedland - Things To Do
Dingo's Treks
Whale Watching
Eighty Mile Beach
Karijini National Park
Don Rhodes Mining Museum
Royal Flying Doctor Base
The Two Mile Ridge Aboriginal carvings
Observation tower
Port Hedland - Dining Out
Port Hedland
Broome WA - Things To Do
Cable Beach
LizArt Broome Tours
Airborne Adventures
Kimberley Gateway Safaris
Pearl Luggers
Willie Creek Pearls Tours
Broome Camel Safaris
Broome Turf Club
Spirit Of Broome Hovercraft Flights
Broome WA - Dining Out
Broome WA - Shopping
Bright Eyes Sunglasses
Monsoonal Blues gifts & homewares
Broome Threads
Chinatown Natural Healing Centre
Georgia Morgan
LizArt Broome Tours
Willie Creek Pearls
Deep Sea Moonlight Pearls
Macs Art Shoppe
Harambee Hair International
Boulevard Shopping Centre
Fremantle- -Things To Do
Trams West Pty Ltd
Fremantle Arts Centre
Rottnest Island
Whalers Tunnel
Round House
The Moores Building
The Shipwrecks Museum
The Maritime Museum
Fremantle History Museum
Army Museum
Spare Parts Theatre Company
Harbour Theatre Company
Deckchair Theatre Company
Dancing and Bars
Fremantle Cinemas
Rottnest Island Ecoboat
Rottnest Yacht Charters
Fremantle Prison
Fremantle - Shopping
More Shops
Book Stores
Creative Native
Japingka Gallery
Bannister Street Craftworks
E Shed Markets
Fremantle Markets
Fremantle - Dining Out
Perth - Things To Do
Perth - Things To Do - In and On The Water
Perth - Things To Do - In The Air
Perth - Things To Do - On the Land
West Australian Paragliding Academy
WA Skydive Academy
Griffin Helicopters
Preston Helicopter Services
Windward Balloon Adventures
Rottnest Air-Taxi
Active Safaris
The Calamunnda Camel Farm
Swan Valley Tours
Australian Pinnacle Tours
Western Australia Motorcycle Adventure Tours
Swim With Wild Dolphins
Capricorn Kayak Tours
Starsand Yacht Luxury Charter
Western Blue Sea kayak
Boat Torque cruises
WA Fishing Charters
Mills Charters
Deluxe Chauffeured Limousines WA
Academy Limousines
Art Galleries
Paintball Skirmish
Scitech Discovery Centre
Perth Zoo
Marapana Wildlife World
Kings Park and Botanic Garden
Hip-e Club
Dolphin Discovery Centre
Perth Diving Academy
Nitrox Scuba Diving
Exmouth Diving Centre
Dolphin Scuba Diving
Barrakuda Dive Centre
Adventure World
Hoyts Cinema City - Perth
Hoyts CineCentre - Perth
Greater Union Cinema
Fairlanes City
Perth - Shopping
The Bra Bar
Artemis Gifts
Zsu Zsi Hartman Art Studios
The Peter Kovacsy Studio
Indigenart - The Mossenson Gallery
Art Gallery of Western Australia
Stitchers Corner
Lotsa Books
Dymocks Book Store
Dazzlers Acrylic Nails
Australain Souvenirs
Lucy Parrot
A Question of Time
Perth - Dining Out
Alice Springs - Shopping
Alice Springs Discount Souvenir Store
Don Thomas Stockman Outfitters & Saddlery
Desert Wave Australia
Desert Dwellers
Coles - Alice Springs Shopping Centre
Centre Souvenirs
The First and Last Place to Shop!
Ininti Café & Souvenirs
Alice Springs - Things To Do
Alice Springs - Adventure
Murray Cosson's Australian Outback Flights
Glen Helen Resort
Desert Park Transfers
Alice Springs Tour Professionals
Harley Adventures
Alice Springs Balloon Flights
Alice Springs - Places of Interest
Mt Ebenezer Roadhouse
Kings Creek Station
Curtin Springs Station
The Date Farm
Standley Chasm
School of the Air
Royal Flying Doctor Service Of Australia
Red Centre Dreaming
Pyndan Camel Tracks
Road Transport Hall of Fame
Lightning Ridge Opal Mines
Hermannsburg Historic Precinct
Frontier Camel Tours
Central Australian Heritage Railway
Sounds of Starlight Theatre
Alice Springs Turf Club
Alice Springs Telegraph Station
Alice Springs Reptile Centre
Alice Springs Cultural Precinct
Alice Springs - Aboriginal Galleries and Tours
Warumpi Arts
Wallace Rockhole
The Original Dreamtime Gallery
Red Sand Art Gallery
Mbantua Gallery
Maruku Arts Gallery
Keringke Arts
Gallery Gondwana
Aboriginal Air Services
Dining Out
Alice Springs
Darwin - Things To Do
Darwin - Beaches
Darwin - In The Air
Northern Air Charter
Air Ngukurr
Darwin - In and On The Water
Vivs Sportfishing & Wilderness Fishing Safaris
Venture North Australia
Just One More Cast
Davidson's Arnhemland Safaris
Coral Divers Tours
Top Notch Fishing
NT Barra Fishing Safaris
Andros Leisure Charters
Top End Saltwater Adventures
Spirit of Darwin
Darwin cruises and charters
City of darwin cruises
Australian Harbour Cruises
Adelaide river queen cruises
Darwin - On The Land
MGM Grand Darwin
Wildthing Adventure Tours
Odyssey Tours & Safaris
Kimberley Dreams
Rambler Tours
Cobb & Co Coaches
Venture North Australia
Billy Can Tours
Davidson's Arnhemland Safaris
Darwin Golf Club
Aussie Adventure
Buzz Trike Tours
Darwin - Nightlife
Darwin - Dining Out
ACT - Things To Do and See
ACT - Outdoor Activities
ACT - Things to do - Miscellaneous
Zone 3 Canberra Laser Games
Phillip Ice Skating Centre
National Equestrian Centre - Kerrabee
Forest Park Riding & Equitation School
Grand Prix Karting
Bush N' Tucker 4WD Tours
ACT - Ten Pin Bowling
Canberra International Ten Pin Bowl
AMF Woden Ten Pin Bowl
Queanbeyan Ten Pin Bowl
AMF Belconnen Ten Pin Bowling Centre
ACT - Swimming
Phillip Swimming Centre
Oasis Leisure Centre
Murrumbidgee River Corridor
Manuka Pool
Lakeside Leisure Centre, Tuggeranong
Kaleen Swim Centre
Dickson Swimming Centre
Deakin Health Spa
Cotter Reserve
Canberra Olympic Pool & Inshape Health Club
Black Mountain Peninsula
Big Splash Waterpark
Active Leisure Centre
ACT - On The Water
Pratt's Tackle Box
Ocean to Stream Fishing Tours
Manic Adventures
Lake Burley Griffin Boat Hire
ACT - Bush Walking
Uriarra Trail
The Bush Experience
Stone Wall
Shepherds Lookout
Remembrance Nature Park
Pinnacle Nature Trail
Pine Island to Point Hut
Murrumbidgee River Corridor
Mulligans Flat
Mount Taylor
Mount Painter
Mount Ainslie
Kambah Pool to Pine Island
Jerrabomberra Wetlands
Googong Foreshores
Ginninderra Falls and Gorge
Gibraltar Falls
Cotter River Walk
Cotter Dam Lookout
Cooleman Ridge
Casuarina Sands
Canberra Nature Park
Blundells' Flat Arboretum
Black Mountain
ACT Forests - Molonglo Gorge
ACT - Ballooning
Dawn Drifters
Balloon Aloft
Adventures Unlimited
ACT - Climbing and Abseiling
Karma Climbing
Fun Factory
Canberra Indoor Rockclimbing
Adventure Consultants
ACT - Science and Technology
National Zoo & Aquarium
National Dinosaur Museum
Mount Stromlo Observatory Visitors' Centre
Geoscience Australia
Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex
CSIRO Discovery
Canberra Observatory and Space Dome
ACT - Museums and Galleries
Tuggeranong Homestead
St John's Schoolhouse Museum
Canberra Railway Museum
Calthorpes' House
Bywong Gold Mining Town
Blundells' Cottage
Nolan Gallery
National Portrait Gallery
Canberra Museum and Gallery
ACT- Places of Interest
Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve
Telstra Tower
ScreenSound Australia
Royal Australian Mint
Parliament House
Old Parliament House
Old Bus Depot Markets
National Museum of Australia
National Library of Australia
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Kamberra Wine Tourism Complex
High Court of Australia
Cockington Green
Australian War Memorial
Australian National Botanic Gardens
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Wednesday, June 25 2003 @ 03:49 AM BST
Contributed by: admin
Views: 10397

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There are many conflicting suggestions about the meaning of the name Wollongong.

1. The meaning of the word, according to positive information handed down traditionally from a great-niece of Dr Throsby, is "the sound of the sea". The word was pronounced Woll-long-gong, the second syllable being accented, and is supposedly onomatopoeic for the pounding and surging of the waves.

2. An expression of surprise and fear uttered by the aborigines when they first saw a ship in full sail. This has been rendered as "see! The monster comes". According to this view the original word was actually pronounced "Nywoolyarngungh".

3. Wollongong has also been thought to be from "Wol-lon-yuh" meaning "sound of the sea". Other versions of the word are "Wolonya, "Wollonga" and "Woolyunyal".

4. "Woollungah" is the correct aboriginal name for Wollongong, according to Aboriginal Billy Saddler (of "Nioka" Port Kembla). Woollungah means a place where a marriage took place between the son of one great king and the daughter of another great king, long before Captain Cook found this country. The word also means that there was a great feast of fish and other good things at the wedding, which was such a remarkable event that the place was named after it. The name has also been spelled "Wullungah".

6. Some other suggested meanings are: hard ground near water; song of the sea or sound of the waves; many snakes.

Early residents

Charles Throsby Smith
Charles Throsby Smith has been called "The Father of Wollongong". He was born in 1798 in Cambridge, England. He arrived in Sydney on the 'Guildford' in 1816 and stayed for three months, at Glenfield, near Liverpool, with his uncle Dr Charles Throsby. During this time he helped drive some of his uncle's cattle from Glenfield to Illawarra where his uncle had a cattle-grazing station. After resuming his sea career for a short while he returned to Australia and secured his 300-acre grant at Wollongong. In 1834 Smith's land was chosen as the site for Wollongong.

Throughout his life Smith played a prominent role in the development of the town.

His barn near the harbour provided shelter for the first church services and schools in the area. He gave land to the Church of England on the hill where St Michael's Church was built and he later gave sites for other churches. He was on the Committee of Management of the Illawarra Steam Packet Company which secured the first steamship service for Wollongong in 1839. In 1842 he was a member of the Illawarra District Council and when Wollongong became a municipality in 1859 he was one of the aldermen. Charles Throsby Smith died in 1876.

John Osborne
John Osborne, a retired naval surgeon, was one of the first medical practitioners to practice in the Wollongong area. He came to Australia in charge of convicts and was appointed surgeon at Illawarra in 1834.

In 1831 John Osborne applied for the transfer to him of a grant of 640 acres which had been made to Joseph Thompson in 1824. The grant was named Glen Glosh. In 1836, Dr Osborne added another 300 acres to this purchase and renamed the property 'Garden Hill'. Osborne built his home on 'Garden Hill', now better know as Hospital Hill. He died at Garden Hill in 1850

Catherine Ann Bright
Catherine Bright, born in 1841, was a native of Wollongong. She was the daughter of Robert Osborne and Rebecca Musgrave. She married John Bright, the proprietor of the London Stores situated in Crown Street.

Catherine and her husband, John Bright, were involved in the building of the Wesley Church. Her husband was the treasurer for the building fund and her brother, George Osborne, was the builder.

In December 1880 Catherine Bright laid the foundation stone for the Wesley Church. Catherine and John's only child, Charles Osborne Bright, had died 18 months before at the age of 13 years. A memorial window was placed in the church in memory of their son.

Catherine died suddenly in 1882 at the age of 41 years. A Baptismal font was placed in the church in her memory "in consideration of the many valuable services she rendered in connection with the erection of the new church building."

Early industry
At the beginning of European settlement in Wollongong most employment was in timber getting and land clearing for farming. According to the 1828 Census, 42% of those in work were employed in agriculture. By the early 1830's a few farms had been established in the Illawarra. Surplus produce was taken to the bay at Wollongong and shipped to Sydney in small vessels.

In 1849 James Shoobert opened the first coal mine in the Illawarra at Mount Keira. From this point on coal mining began to develop as the major primary industry of northern Illawarra. The developing coal industry had a major impact on the trade at Wollongong Harbour. Coal was carted from the mines to Wollongong Harbour for export. The increase in trade that the coal industry brought to the harbour was a major incentive for improvements that commenced in 1861. The new basin, opened in 1868 and was capable of loading "3000 tons of coal per day".

Patrick Lahiff established a coke works at Wollongong Harbour in the 1870's. He erected two beehive ovens midway between the north-eastern end of the Basin and Pulpit Rock. In 1877 small shipments were made to Melbourne and in 1878 forty-four tons of coke were exported. The ovens were demolished in 1892.

Early transport
In the early years, people came to the Illawarra from Sydney via Campbelltown and Appin. From here they could follow a rough bush track to Bulli, come down the Range by Throsby's track and follow the coast to Wollongong, or go on to cross the Cataract River and come along O'Brien's Road to Figtree.

Acting on a petition from residents asking for roads and safe harbours in the district, Governor, Major-General Sir Richard Bourke visited the Illawarra in 1834 to find out "how the district could be best opened by roads and its communication with the Sydney Market improved." As a result of this visit a survey of the township of Wollongong was completed, the Mt Keira Road was planned and surveys for roads from Wollongong to Bulli and from Wollongong to Minnamurra via Dapto were carried out.

Work began on the construction of Wollongong Harbour in 1837 and the first stage was completed in 1844. The Harbour became a centre for the transport of both passengers and goods between Wollongong and Sydney.

List of important dates & events

1815 Dr Charles Throsby established first settlement in Illawarra. He brought a herd of cattle down the escarpment and had a hut and cattle yards built behind South Beach, Wollongong where there was a lagoon of fresh water.
1826 Earliest know reference to the name 'Wollongong' appears in a report on the cedar industry, written by John Oxley
1830 New military barracks constructed near Wollongong Harbour
1833 A school was established at Wollongong
1834 Surveyor-General arrived from Sydney to lay out a plan for a township on property owned by Charles Throsby Smith. This township, which was named Wollongong, was bounded by Crown, Keira and Harbour Streets. Sophia Jane is the first steamship to visit Wollongong
1835 Wollongong's first Court House was erected by George Brown
1837 Work began on the construction of Wollongong Harbour. A stockade was erected on Flagstaff Point to house about 300 convicts employed on the harbour works
1839 The Illawarra Steam Packet Company was formed. The steamer Maitland provided the first regular steamboat service between Wollongong and Sydney * National School established at Wollongong * Wollongong Presbyterian church erected at the corner of Church and Crown Streets
1841 The population of Wollongong was 841
1843 The road from Wollongong to Sydney via George's River was commenced
1844 Construction of Wollongong Harbour completed
1849 First coal shipped from Wollongong Harbour * St Francis Xavier's Roman Catholic church at Wollongong consecrated
1854 Paddle steam Illawarra commenced regular freight and passenger trade between Wollongong and Sydney
1855 Wollongong's first newspaper, the Illawarra Mercury, was published
1857 Wollongong Congregational church built
1858 Court House near Wollongong Harbour was opened
1859 Wollongong Municipality was created * St Michael's Anglican church consecrated * Wollongong Gaol completed on a site near Wollongong Harbour, adjacent to the old Court House
1861 Horsedrawn tramway from Mt Keira to Wollongong Harbour was completed * Work commenced to extend Wollongong Harbour
1862 Telegraph line opened between Wollongong and Bellambi
1865 First gas supply in Wollongong provided from a plant in Corrimal Street
1868 Extensions to Wollongong Harbour were opened by Lady Belmore and named Belmore Basin * Horse bus service established between Bulli and Wollongong by A McIntyre
1871 Breakwater lighthouse at Wollongong Harbour completed
1880 Steam locomotives introduced to haul coal from the foot of the incline at Mt Keira mine to Wollongong Harbour
1881-2 Formation of the Wollongong Gas Company, and erection of new gas works in Charlotte Street
1883 Gas street lighting installed in Wollongong
1884 Wollongong Agricultural and Horticultural Society pavilion constructed
1885 New Court House erected in Market Street
1886 First Wollongong Town Hall erected on old National School site
1887 Railway opened between Wollongong and Clifton. Railway extended south from Wollongong to Kiama
1892 Wollongong Trade School (later to become a Technical College) was opened
1901 Population of Wollongong now 17,182 with 3,031 dwellings
1902 Wollongong provided with reticulated water supply from Cordeaux reservoir
1904 A telephone system was established in Wollongong
1908 Wollongong District Hospital established on Garden Hill
1916 Wollongong High School opened
1931 Wollongong's first radio station, 2WL, commenced broadcasting
1937 Wollongong lighthouse built on Flagstaff point near disused fortifications
1942 On 11 September 1942 Wollongong was declared a City
1954 Population of Wollongong was 90,852
1956 New Wollongong City Council Chambers opened
1961 Wollongong University College established
1963 Wollongong Teachers College established
1975 Wollongong University College becomes the University of Wollongong under its own Council
1987 Crown Gateway Shopping Centre completed. Wollongong Mall opened
1988 New Council Administration building and Performing Arts Centre completed
1998 Opening of the new $20M, 6,000 seat Wollongong Entertainment Centre
1999 University of Wollongong named University of the Year


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