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WeblogOz Archive1

Port Pirie - Things To Do
Carn Brae
The National Trust Museum
Port Pirie Golf Club
The Port Pirie Regional Art Gallery
Whyalla - Things To Do
Port Lowly Lighthouse
Cuttlefish Capital Tours
Whyalla Fauna and Reptile Park
Steelworks Tour
Hummock Hill Lookout
Whyalla Maritime Museum
Port Augusta - Things To Do
Wadlata Outback Centre
The Homestead Park Pioneer Museum
Port Augusta Visitor Information Centre
Pichi Richi Railway
The Australian Arid Lands Botanic Garden
Water Tower Lookout
Adelaide - Shopping
Rundle Mall
JamFactory
Boomerang Art - Aboriginal Art Gallery
Youthworks
The Opal Mine
Miss Gladys Sym Choon Emporium
The Myer Centre
Henry Buck's
David Jones
Adelaide Central Market
Adelaide Exchange Jewellers
Burnside Village Shopping Centre
Port Pirie - Dining Out
Port Pirie
Whyalla - Dining Out
Whyalla
Port Augusta - Dining Out
Port Augusta
Adelaide - Things To Do
Adelaide Tours
Koala Air Safari's
Whale Air
The Cedars
Platform 1 Heritage Farm Railway
Woodhouse Activity Centre
The National Motor Museum
Mt Lofty Summit
The SteamRanger Tourist Railway
Just Cruisin 4WD Tours
Ecotrek
Cultural Tourism Professionals
Aussie Heritage Tours 4WD
Cudlee Creek Golf Course
Adelaide Sightseeing
Adelaide Dive Centre
Adelaide - Dining Out
Adelaide
Mount Isa - Things To Do
Tourist Information
Tent House
The John Middlen Museum
Kalkadoon Tribal Centre
Tours of Mount Isa
The Buffs Club
Riversleigh Fossils Museum and Tourist Centre
Lloyd of the Outback
Mackay - Things To Do
Forest Flying
Clarke Range
Mackay Town Hall
Lamberts Beach
Harbour Beach
Greenmount Homestead
Grasstree Beach
Eimeo Beach
Dolphin Heads
Golf Courses
Cathu State Forest
Bucasia Beach
Blacks Beach
Artspace Mackay
Niteclubs
Ball Bay
Maryborough - Things To Do
Rosehill Homestead
Queens Park In Maryborough
Moon River Gallery
Mavis Bank
Grand Shirl's Doll and Toy Museum
Charlcombe
Brennan And Geraghty's Store Museum
Maryborough Heritage City Markets
Barambah Ridge Winery
The Wharf Street Precinct
Bond Store Museum
Baddow House
Toowoomba - Things To Do
Toowoomba Middle Ridge Golf Club
Tenpin Bowling
Adrenalin Climbing Gym
Clifford Park Racecourse
Flypast Museum Of Australian Army Flying
Jondaryan Woolshed
Greenridge Botanicals
Toowoomba Japanese Garden
Toowoomba Regional Art Gallery
Highfields Orchid Park
Steele Rudd's Shingle Hut
Cobb & Co. Museum
Brisbane - Shopping
Brisbane - Things To Do
Queensland Museum South Bank
Hay Cottage Arts & Crafts
Boggo Road Gaol
Watugo Tours
Straddie Kingfisher Tours
Helicopters Brisbane
Champagne Breakfast flights
Roma Street Parkland
Queensland Maritime Museum
Queensland Art Gallery
Parliament House
Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary
Dreamworld
Brisbane's Alma Park Zoo
The Brisbane Botanic Gardens - Mt Coot-tha
The Big Pineapple
Australia Zoo
Southbank Parklands
Mount Isa Dining Out
Mount Isa
Mackay - Dining Out
Mackay
Maryborough - Dining Out
Maryborough
Toowoomba Dining Out
Toowoomba
Brisbane - Dining Out
Brisbane City South - Dining Out
Brisbane City East - Dining Out
Brisbane City Centre - Dining Out
Brisbane
Cairns - Things To Do
Paradise Palms Golf Course
Mirage Country Club
Wet Tropics Safaris
Flecker Botanic Gardens
Hartley's Crocodile Adventures
Mt Whitfield Conservation Park
Lizard Island National Park
Green Island National Park
Fitzroy Island National Park
Cairns Beaches
Raft'n'Rainforest Company
Cairns Parasail & Jet skis
Foaming Fury
Cairns Dive Centre
The Cairns Fishing Guide
SS Louisa Calm Water Cruises
Rainbow Cruises
Australian Bluewater Charters
Tiger Moth Scenic Flights
The Minjin
AJ Hackett Bungy Experience
Raging Thunder
Hot Air Cairns
Champagne Balloon Flights
Cape York Motorcycle Adventures
Blazing Saddles
Sunlover Cruises
Passions of Paradise
Shaolin
Tusa Dive
Explorer Ventures
Billy Tea Bush Safaris
Paul's Parchuting
Cairns - Shopping
The Cairns Night Market
Evert Opals
Paragon Jewellery
Studio 8 Glass
Glass Temptations
Reef Gallery
Spirit Of The North Gallery
Bolands Centre
Cairns Central Shopping
The Pier Marketplace
Cairns - Dining Out
Cairns
Port Macquarie - Things To Do
Sea Acres Rainforest Reserve
Port Macquarie Observatory
High Adventure
Coastal Skydivers
Port Macquarie Bays and Beaches
Port Macquarie Sea Kayak
Port Macquarie Kayak Adventures
Bellrowan Valley Horse Riding
Timbertown Heritage Theme Park
Mid North Coast Maritime Museum
Macquarie Nature Reserve Roto House
Port Macquarie Historical Courthouse
ARK Adrenalin Rush Karting
Billabong Koala And Aussie Wildlife Park
Odyssey Fishing Charters
Ocean Star
Cruise Adventures
Port Macquarie Camel Safaris
Dunbogan Boatshed & Marina
International Fighter Flight Centre
Centre of Gravity - Indoor Adventure Centre
Markets
Port Macquarie Golf
Port Macquarie - Dining Out
Port Macquarie
Albury - Things To Do
Albury Regional Art Gallery
Parklands (Albury Wodonga)
Monument Hill Lookout
Ettamogah Sanctuary Inc
Albury War Memorial
Albury Regional Museum
Albury Botanic Gardens
Albury - Dining Out
Albury
Katoomba - Things To Do
Balloon Aloft
The Edge Cinema
Leura Cascades
Scenic World Blue Mountains
Norman Lindsay Gallery and Museum
The Purse Museum
Blue Mountains National Park
Katoomba - Shopping
Western Shoe Store
The Original Soap Shop
Scenic World Souvenir Shop
Silvery Moon
Katoomba Camera House
Katoomba Florist
Finest Florist
Katoomba - Dining Out
Katoomba
Wollongong - Things To Do
Greater Union Cinemas
Wollongong - Beaches and Rock Pools
Russell Vale Golf Course
Wollongong Botanic Garden
Wollongong Golf Club
United Divers
Science Centre and Planetarium
Leisure Coast Scootcar Hire
Hangdog Climbing Gym
Adrenalin Sports Skydiving
Illawarra Performing Arts Centre
Wollongong City Gallery
Wollongong - Shopping
Surf, Dive & Ski
Supporters World
Wollongong City Centre & Crown St Mall
Wollongong Central
Wollongong - Jewellers
Spotlight
Danoz Directions
Classic Moments
Granny Mays
M & Michael's Footwear
Athletes Foot
Just Jeans
Jeans West
Badrans
Events
Esprit
Rebel Sport
Priceline
Grace Bros
Best and Less
Lotus Bookshop
Phantom Zone
Angus & Robertson
Wollongong - Pubs and Nightclubs
Wollongong - Dining Out
Wollongong
Newcastle - Things To Do
Outback Art
Newcastle Golf Club
Go Karts Go
Kooragang Wetland
Cooks Hill Galleries
Newcastle Regional Museum
Newcastle - Beaches
Merewether Ocean Baths
Newcastle Ocean Baths
Christ Church Anglican Cathedral
Region Art Gallery
Captain Cook Memorial Fountain
Queens Wharf Tower
Macquarie Pier / Nobbys Headland
Obelisk
Fort Scratchley Millitary Museum
Bogey Hole
Yuelarbah Track
Newcastle Region Maritime Museum
Newcastle - Dining Out
Newcastle
Sydney - Things To Do
Sydney - Beaches
Sydney Tower At Centrepoint
Matilda Cruises
Captain Cook Cruises
Chinese Garden
Taronga Zoo
Sydney Aquarium
Featherdale Wildlife Park
Spirit
Scenic World
Penrith Whitewater Stadium
Oz Trek Adventure Tours
Oceanworld Manly
Harbour Jet
BridgeClimb
Fox Studios Australia
IMAX Cinema
Sydney - More Museums
Liverpool Regional Museum
Sydney Jewish Museum
Sydney - Shopping
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Aboriginal Art Galleries
Sydney Markets
Northbridge Shopping Plaza
The Strand Arcade
The Broadway Shopping Centre
Skygarden Centre
Queen Victoria Building (QVB)
Opera Quays
Harbourside Shopping Centre
Direct Factory Outlets
Sydney - Jewellers
Michael Berton Jewellery
Ariss
A & H Australian Opal House
Oroginale Jewellery
J K Creations
Sherman Opals
Raphael Jewellers
Taylors Shoes
Begi Shoes
Andiamo Design
Market City
Tradition Country Clothing
Sue Rice Swimwear
Sydney - Shopping Tours
Chifley Plaza
St Ives Shopping Village
Curioshop
That Art of Wine & Food
Sydney - Dining Out
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney West
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney South
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney Northside
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney Northern Beaches
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney Inner West
Sydney Dining Out - Sydney East
Sydney
Burnie - Shopping
Markets in and around Burnie
Kleins Jewellery
Best and Less
Showcase Jewellers
Kodak Express in K-Mart
Angus & Robertson
Devonport - Shopping
Best and Less
Showcase Jewellers
Kodak Express in K-Mart
Angus & Robertson
Burnie - Dining Out
Devonport - Dining Out
Burnie
Devonport
Launceston - Things To Do
Seahorse World
Franklin House
Cable Hang Glider
Under Down Under Tours
Nocturnal Tours
Island Escape Tours
Grubb Shaft Gold & Heritage Museum
Tassietrail
Launceston Lakes Trout Fishing
Narawntapu National Park
Launceston Planetarium
J Boag and Son Brewery
The Penny Royal World & Gunpowder Mill
Waverley Woollen Mills
The Queen Victoria Museum & Art Gallery
The Old Umbrella Shop
Aquarius Roman Baths
Tasmanian Expeditions


WeblogOz Archive2

Launceston - Dining Out
Launceston
Hobart - Things To Do
Despard Gallery
Tasmanian Wild River Adventures
Devil's Playground Ecotours
4X4 tours
Par Avion Wilderness Tours
Tasmanian Seaplanes
The Bligh Museum
Port Arthur
Aqua Scuba
Tasmania Trout & Fly Fishing Centre
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery
Antarctic Adventure
Bonorong Park Wildlife Centre
Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens
Fudge Factory and Historic Garden Tours
The Cascade Brewery Tours
Cadbury Chocolate Factory Tour
Hobart - Shopping
Treasures Of Tasmania
The Tasmania Shop
The Tasmanian Wine Centre
Aeroplane Records
Penny's Flowers
Masterpiece Fine Art Gallery
Book Shops
Salamanca Market
Hobart - Film, Theatre and Concert Halls
Hobart - Bars, clubs and live music
Hobart - Dining Out
Hobart
Bendigo - Shopping
Bendigo Pottery Tourist Complex
Big W
Shoe Shops
Bendigo Books
The Bendigo Gold Shop
Bendigo Markets
Lansell Plaza Shopping Centre
Bendigo Marketplace
Bendigo - Things To Do
Goldrush Ballooning Pty. Ltd.
Airsports Skydiving Academy
Bendigo Goldfields Experiences
Life Adventure Park
Ironbark Riding Centre
Chinese Joss House
Gold Mining Tour
Shamrock Hotel Tour
Discovery Science and Technology Centre
Bendigo Double Deck Bus Tours
Sacred Heart Cathedral
The Golden Dragon Museum
Bendigo Tramways
Bendigo - Bars and Nightlife
Bendigo - Dining Out
Bendigo
Ballarat - Things To Do
Swimming Pools
4 Majors Indoor Mini Golf
Midlands Golf Club
Yuulong Lavender Estate
The Tangled Maze
Sovereign Hill
Kryal Castle
Gold Museum
Eureka Centre
Community Adventure Playground
Blood on the Southern Cross
Ballarat Vintage Tramway and Museum
The Ballarat Rail Promotion Group
Ballarat Wildlife Park
Ballarat Fine Art Gallery
Adam Lindsay Gordon Cottage
Ballarat - Shopping
Mt Lonarch Gallery and Lonarch Arts
Shopping Centres
The Embroidery Shoppe
Markets
Sovereign Needlework
The Mining Exchange Gold Shop
Woolshed Clothing
Nonesuch
Makers on Mair
Gails Patchwork Emporium
Exhale
Book Shops
Springmount Pottery and Gallery
Ruth Howlett Collectables
Country Mouse
Antique Effects
Ballarat - Dining Out
Ballarat
Geelong - Things To Do
Sea All Charters -seals & dolphins
Shearer's Arms Gallery
Fairy Park
Tiger Moth World Adventure Park
Bellarine Adventure Golf
A Maze N Things
Adventure Park
Koombahla Park Horse Riding
Ocean Grove Nature Reserve
Jirrahlinga Koala & Wildlife Sanctuary
Gabbinbar Animal & Wildlife Park
Serendip Sanctuary
Barwon Park
Barwon Grange
Queenscliff Historical Centre
Barunah Plains
The Heights
Geelong Botanical Gardens
Geelong Naval & Maritime Museum
Geelong Historical Records Centre
The National Wool Museum
Surfworld Australia
Portarlington Mill
Queenscliff Maritime Museum
Narana Creations
Geelong Art Gallery
Old Geelong Gaol
The Ford Discovery Centre
Geelong - Shopping
Suburban Scene
Retail Heart
Bay City Plaza
Planet X
Auburn Antiques
Geelong - Bars
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Geelong
Dandenong - Things To Do
Noble Park Swim Centre
Alex Wilkie Nature Reserve
Greaves Reserve
Coomoora Reserve
Burden Park
Dandenong Park
Dandenong - Dining Out
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Dandenong Plaza
Dandenong Market
Dandenong
Melbourne - Things To Do
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Port Campbell National Park
Top Down Tours
Royal Melbourne Golf Club
Yara Bend Public Golf Course
Melbourne by Balloon
Polperro Dolphin Swims
Heronswood
Gunnamatta Equestrian Centre
Ace Hi Ranch & Wildlife
Melbourne City Sights Tour
Melbourne Town Hall
Victoria's Open Range Zoo
Healesville Sanctuary
Melbourne Zoo - Royal Park
Melbourne Planetarium
Luna Park
Phillip Island - Penguins
Polly Woodside Melbourne Maritime Museum
Old Melbourne Gaol
Melbourne Observation Deck - Rialto Towers
Melbourne Docklands
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Flinders Street Railway Station & Mu
Enterprize Landing Memorial
Crown Casino Complex
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Melbourne - Shopping
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Melbourne Central
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Original & Authentic Aboriginal Art
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Body Map Australia
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Melbourne - Dining Out
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Kalgoorlie - Things To Do
Kalgoorlie Goldfields Visitor Centre
Kalgoorlie - More Things To Do
Goldfields Air Services
Western Australian Museum
Yamatji Bija - Come Friends! Aboriginal Bush Tours
Geoff Smith's Bush Tours
Goldfields Ten Pin Pool & Snooker Centre
Goldfields Arts Centre
Airfields Horse Riding Centre
Kalgoorlie - Dining Out
Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Port Hedland - Things To Do
Dingo's Treks
Whale Watching
Eighty Mile Beach
Karijini National Park
Don Rhodes Mining Museum
Royal Flying Doctor Base
The Two Mile Ridge Aboriginal carvings
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Port Hedland - Dining Out
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Broome WA - Things To Do
Cable Beach
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Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Wednesday, June 04 2003 @ 10:21 AM BST
Contributed by: admin
Views: 8295

Source: www.walkabout.com.au

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One of Australia's most famous and important gold mining towns.
'Welcome to Kalgoorlie' reads the sign at the western edge of this remarkable town, which is located 597 km east of Perth and 360 metres above sea-level. Here is a community which was built on gold over100 years ago and which is still basically driven by that same metal. This is a prosperous and attractive town combining the old (Hannan Street is a feast of truly superb nineteenth and early twentieth-century buildings) and the new jostle for attention. It is a city full of extraordinary history. And it is one of Australia's truly great goldmining towns.

The first Europeans to explore the Kalgoorlie-Boulder area were H.M. Lefroy and C.C. Hunt who were searching for viable pastoral lands in the 1860s. By the early 1890s the goldfields of the state's north-west were becoming less viable and the state government offered a reward for fresh discoveries. Attention was drawn to the state's south-east when Arthur Bayley discovered gold near Coolgardie in 1892. The following year Paddy Hannan, Tom Flanagan and Daniel Shea discovered alluvial gold nuggets near Mount Charlotte when they were forced to camp out unexpectedly after their horse lost a shoe.

On 17 June 1893 Paddy Hannan (in the early days the town was simply named Hannan's or Hannan's Find) registered his claim and, within three days, an estimated 700 men were prospecting in the area. This was the goldrush to beat all goldrushes. In comparison to what would eventually become known as 'the richest goldfield in the world' all other Western Australian finds paled in comparison. It was the goldrush which suggested to potential prospectors that a few weeks of hardship could be rewarded with a lifetime of untold affluence.

In effect, Hannan's find drew attention to an area which was home to an ore body that later became known simply as the 'Golden Mile'. Hannan's claim was not part of this reef. It was miners, forced to move further south, who stumbled upon this lode. Central to the discovery were a South Australian syndicate who, hearing the news of the gold around Kalgoorlie, moved from a settlement called Boulder, taking the old name with them to their new mining operation.

By the end of 1893 over 100 leases had been taken out in the Kalgoorlie-Boulder area. The great challenge of the area was that the local quartz deposits, which are usually accepted as the rocks most likely to contain gold, did not produce high yields. In fact by 1894 the results from mining these quartz reefs were so disappointing that the field began to experience a small depression. Investors were less than enthusiastic and returns were not what had been hoped for.

It was a Canadian miner, Larry Cammilleri, who discovered that the quartz in the area was not carrying most of the gold. Years later he recalled: 'I sank on the leader and where she junctioned with the lode material she carried nice gold. I dollied some ounces. I found that the lode matter carried a little gold so started a shaft. This shaft led me to be the first to discover what later proved to be the lode matter which made the Golden Mile famous. The lode was composed of ironstone, with small quartz veins, greenstone, diorite and porphyry, all decomposed in the shallow workings.'

Others, including Paddy Hannan, were sceptical about Cammilleri's discovery but Cammilleri replied with the old Cornish saying 'where it is, there it is'. At first, the lack of good gold-yielding quartz in the area continued to keep investors away. It was not until the establishment of the first battery, on 10 April 1894, and some of its early yields (2008 tons of ore from the Great Boulder Mine yielded 15 000 ounces of gold) that confidence was restored in the field.

In his book In Search of El Dorado the Scottish writer Alexander Macdonald gives a description of Kalgoorlie at this time:

'When my party stepped from the train at Kalgoorlie, we saw before us a scattered array of wooden and galvanised iron houses...In the near distance we could see the towering poppet heads of the widely known Great Boulder mine, and the din created by the revolving hammers of the ever active stamping machinery assailed our ears as an indescribable uproar. But beyond the dust and smoke of these Nature-combatting engines of civilisation, the open desert, dotted with its stunted mulga and mallee growths, shimmered back into the horizon.'

As with all of the gold mining towns progress was almost instantaneous. The first post office was established in 1894. The following year the town was surveyed and proclaimed while some entrepreneur provided the new settlement with a daily newspaper. The railway arrived in 1896.

By 1897 the population in the area had grown so rapidly that two towns had been established: Kalgoorlie (it probably comes from the Aboriginal word 'karlkurlah' meaning 'silky pear' which was a common plant along the Boulder ridge) and Boulder which was declared in August 1897 when miner's shacks and tents were moved to be closer to their workplace around the Great Boulder Mine.

Kalgoorlie peaked in the early years of this century with an estimated 93 hotels, 8 breweries and a population of 30 000 people. By 1903 the School of Mines had been established and the town had fresh water from Mundaring Weir in Perth.

The story of the remarkable 563-km pipeline, which brought water from Perth to the parched desert around Kalgoorlie (the average annual rainfall is only 252 mm per annum), is really the sad story of a man of remarkable vision who was destroyed by public cynicism.

Charles Yelverton O'Connor was born in Ireland in 1843. He emigrated to New Zealand in 1865 and moved to Western Australia where he was employed as the engineer-in-chief, in 1891. His major projects were to be the state's railways, the establishment of Fremantle harbour, and, as far as the goldfields were concerned, the construction of the water pipeline from Mundaring to Coolgardie and Kalgoorlie. O'Connor initiated the plan in 1895 but it was violently opposed in parliament and the approval to start work wasn't granted until 1898. Even when the project was underway its critics, believing it to be impractical, did not relent. O'Connor was subjected to a particularly vicious press campaign. He committed suicide in March 1902, partly as a result of the pressures, and his suicide note included detailed instructions on the construction of the pipeline, which was completed the following year. The result was that vast areas of the wheatbelt and the Eastern Goldfields, which had been relying on unreliable wells, waterholes and condensers, suddenly found that they had regular supplies of water. The pipeline assured the survival of Kalgoorlie and Boulder.

The city centres, which were built at this time, are still largely intact. Hannan Street in Kalgoorlie and Burt Street in Boulder are thick with gracious buildings which announce that here are two centres built on the wealth of gold. By 1910, both were thriving inland cities with fresh water, electricity, a tramline running up Hannan Street, and every possible comfort for men who worked hard for very rich rewards.

It is one of the sad ironies of Kalgoorlie-Boulder that the men who found the 'Golden Mile' which has sustained the city for nearly a century did not reap great benefits from their find. Tom Flanagan died in Bendigo in 1900 leaving no great wealth, Daniel Shea died in 1908 having continued to prospect for new fields up to 1904, and Paddy Hannan, the father of the whole area, made some money from his find but never become massively wealthy.

However, for the goldminers and the settlers of Kalgoorlie, Hannan became a symbol of the battler who struck it rich. They called their main street after him, the local club was The Hannan's Club, even one of the locally brewed beers was Hannan's beer. To some oldtimers the town was never Kalgoorlie but only Hannan's Find or, more simply, Hannan's.

In 1904, at the age of sixty-one, having prospected for all his adult life, Hannan was granted a pension of £100 by the Western Australian Government. It was increased to £125 and by 1911 had risen to £150. He retired to Fallon Street, Brunswick, Victoria, where he lived until his death on 4 November 1925.

Today there are still about 50 mines operating in the goldfields district. About half of those are gold mines, including the massive Super Pit, which exploits the most productive square mile of gold-bearing ore ever discovered anywhere in the world. Nickel, chrysoprase, copper, granite, lime, salt, sand and silver are also the focus of industrial interest.

Boulder hosts the unusual Undies 500 Car Rally every year, on the third Sunday in February. All participants must compete covered only by their underwear. There is also a market at Boulder on the third Sunday of each month.


  


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